Plaquenil is used to treat or prevent malaria, a disease caused by parasites that enter the body through the bite of a mosquito. Malaria is common in areas such as Africa, South America, and Southern Asia. Aralen vs plaquenil Chloroquine show up on a drug test This article is from June 2011 and may contain outdated material. Download PDF. Many systemic medications may cause retinal toxicity. One such commonly used medication for dermatologic and rheumatologic inflammatory conditions is hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil, a chloroquine derivative. Hydroxychloroquine sulfate HCQ, Plaquenil is an analogue of chloroquine CQ, an antimalarial agent, used for the treatment of systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis and other autoimmune disorders. Its use has been associated with severe retinal toxicity, requiring a discontinuation of therapy. Note This document contains side effect information about hydroxychloroquine. Some of the dosage forms listed on this page may not apply to the brand name Plaquenil. For the Consumer. Applies to hydroxychloroquine oral tablet. Along with its needed effects, hydroxychloroquine the active ingredient contained in Plaquenil may cause some unwanted effects. Plaquenil is also an antirheumatic medicine and is used to treat symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis and discoid or systemic lupus erythematosus. This medicine is not effective against all strains of malaria. Plaquenil toxicity pdf AMERICAN COLLEGE OF RHEUMATOLOGY, Retinal toxicity associated with chronic exposure to. What is the half life of chloroquineHydroxychloroquine eye exam frequencyPlaquenil false positive methadoneIs there withdrawal from hydroxychloroquine Retinal!toxicity.and!it!has!largely!replaced!chloroquine!as!a!treatment!ofinflammatory!disease. Unfortunately.the!retinal!damage!from!these!medications. Plaquenil toxicity-eye rounds edited FINAL WARD. Plaquenil Side Effects Common, Severe, Long Term -. Plaquenil Toxicity - Symptoms, Treatment, Risk Factors.. Hydroxychloroquine sulfate is a colorless crystalline solid, soluble in water to at least 20 percent; chemically the drug is 2-4-7-Chloro-4-quinolylaminopentylethylamino ethanol sulfate 11. PLAQUENIL hydroxychloroquine sulfate tablets contain 200 mg hydroxychloroquine sulfate, equivalent to 155 mg base, and are for oral administration. Hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil is considered a disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drug DMARD. It can decrease the pain and swelling of arthritis. It may prevent joint damage and reduce the risk of long-term disability. Hydroxychloroquine is in a class of medications that was first used to prevent and treat malaria. Plaquenil hydroxychloroquine belongs to a group of medicines called quinolines. Plaquenil is used to treat or prevent malaria, a disease caused by parasites that enter the body through the bite of a mosquito. Malaria is common in areas such as Africa, South America, and Southern Asia.