Category: Antiprotozoal— antirheumatic (disease-modifying)— lupus erythematosus suppressant— antihypercalcemic— polymorphous light eruption suppressant— porphyria cutanea tarda suppressant— Indications Note: Bracketed information in the Indications section refers to uses that are not included in U. Also has been found to be taken up into the acidic food vacuoles of the parasite in the erythrocyte. falciparum and the other 3 malarial species; however, chloroquine-resistant P. Unaccepted Hydroxychloroquine does not prevent relapses in patients with P. ovale malaria since it is not effective against exo-erythrocytic forms of the parasite. Plaquenil lupus weight loss Effects of plaquenil Small amounts of hydroxychloroquine can be found in breastmilk, but international experts indicate this medication is acceptable while breastfeeding. MECHANISM OF ACTION. Plaquenil increases the pH of lysosomes and impairs complement-dependent antigen-antibody reactions. It also inhibits the chemotaxis of eosinophils and locomotion of neutrophils. The efficacy of antimalarials, especially hydroxychloroquine HCQ, in preventing systemic lupus erythematosus SLE flares is well demonstrated. However, many studies show that the percentage of SLE patients treated with HCQ remains low. Medscape - Indication-specific dosing for Plaquenil hydroxychloroquine sulfate, frequency-based adverse effects, comprehensive interactions, contraindications, pregnancy & lactation schedules, and cost information. [ It may be used in addition to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents.] Lupus erythematosus, discoid (treatment) or Lupus erythematosus, systemic (treatment)—Hydroxychloroquine is indicated as a suppressant for chronic discoid and systemic lupus erythematosus . falciparum , originally seen only in Southeast Asia and South America, are now documented in all malarious areas except Central America west of the Canal Zone, the Middle East, and the Caribbean. Chloroquine is still the drug of choice for the treatment of susceptible strains of P. Hydroxychloroquine plaquenil mechanism of action Hydroxychloroquine Side Effects, Dosage, Uses, and More, Hydroxychloroquine A multifaceted treatment in lupus - EM. Plaquenil mouth side effects Hydroxychloroquine HCQ, sold under the brand name Plaquenil among others, is a medication used for the prevention and treatment of certain types of malaria. Specifically it is used for chloroquine-sensitive malaria. Other uses include treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, and porphyria cutanea tarda. It is taken by mouth. Hydroxychloroquine - Wikipedia. Plaquenil hydroxychloroquine sulfate dosing, indications.. Hydroxychloroquine Information for Providers AIDSinfo. Side Effects. Drug information provided by IBM Micromedex Along with its needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention. Hydroxychloroquine A 4-aminoquinoline with antimalarial and immunosuppressive properties. Although its precise mechanism of action is unknown, hydroxychloroquine may suppress immune function by interfering with the processing and presentation of antigens and the production of cytokines. Jan 01, 2020 Mechanism of action The precise mechanism by which hydroxychloroquine exhibits activity against Plasmodium is not known. Hydroxychloroquine, like chloroquine, is a weak base and may exert its effect by concentrating in the acid vesicles of the parasite and by inhibiting polymerization of heme.