Pattern of Retinopathy: Although the locus of toxic damage is parafoveal in many eyes, Asian patients often show an extramacular pattern of damage. Dose: We recommend a maximum daily HCQ use of 5.0 mg/kg real weight, which correlates better with risk than ideal weight. Plaquenil retina symptoms Pnemonitis treatment plaquenil Chloroquine proguanil dosage Remember, any patient who is at a high risk for Plaquenil toxicity should be examined on an annual basis following the baseline exam. The goal of monitoring/screening is to identify early macular damage prior to irreversible vision loss or even before visible signs of bull’s eye maculopathy. Usage Hydroxychloroquine is usually taken with food or milk to prevent stomach upset. The dosage and length of treatment are based on your medical condition and response to therapy. In children. Recommendations on Screening for Chloroquine and Hydroxychloroquine Retinopathy Retinal toxicity from chloroquine CQ and its analogue, hydroxychloroquine HCQ, has been recognized for many years. Chloroquine toxicity remains a problem in many parts of the world, but is seen less frequently in the United States where the drug largely has been replaced by HCQ. Risk of Toxicity: The risk of toxicity is dependent on daily dose and duration of use. There are no similar demographic data for CQ, but dose comparisons in older literature suggest using 2.3 mg/kg real weight. Testing for plaquenil usage Long-Term Side Effects of Plaquenil for Rheumatoid Arthritis., Plaquenil Oral Uses, Side Effects, Interactions. Plaquenil to treat lyme disease Plaquenil Toxicity Screening Plaquenil Toxicity Screening Plaquenil Toxicity Screening Hydroxychloroquine Sulphate Plaquenil medication has been effectively used for many years for a variety of infectious and autoimmune conditions, including rheumatoid Arthritis RA and Systemic Lupus Erythematosus SLE. On rare occasion, and usually after many years, Plaquenil can damage the central. Plaquenil Toxicity Screening - Retina Group of New York. Recommendations on Screening for Chloroquine and.. Taking Plaquenil for Rheumatoid Arthritis. Hydroxychloroquine, sold under the brand name Plaquenil Sanofi-Aventis, is an antimalarial drug that has gained widespread use in treating various autoimmune diseases, including systemic lupus erythematosus and rheumatoid arthritis. 1 By some estimates, more than 150,000 patients are on long-term therapy with this medication in America alone. 2 Retinal toxicity associated with HCQ use is. Hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil is considered a disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drug DMARD. It can decrease the pain and swelling of arthritis. It may prevent joint damage and reduce the risk of long-term disability. Hydroxychloroquine is in a class of medications that was first used to prevent and treat malaria. Currently, one of the primary functional screening tests recommended for the evaluation of Plaquenil retinal toxicity is 10-2 white stimulus automated visual fields; however, research shows Asian patients benefited from 24-2 or 30-2 visual fields, given that toxicity often manifests changes beyond the macula in these patients. 9 Because spectral-domain optical coherence tomography SD-OCT is readily accessible and able to detect early structural damage prior to clinical funduscopic findings.